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Plantaginaceae – Orobanchaceae – Scrophulariaceae anahtarı

Plantaginaceae:, Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, 1789.
Kocaeli’nde görülen Plantaginaceae – Orobanchaceae – Scrophulariaceae cinsleri:
1. Herbs lacking chlorophyll, wholly parasitic; leaves reduced to fleshy scales 30. Lathraea
1. Green herbs or subshrubs with chlorophyll; leaves neither scale like nor fleshy
 2. Fertile stamens 2; plants autotrophic
  3. Calyx 4 or 5 lobed, if 5 lobed upper lobe conspicuously smaller than others; corolla nearly actinomorphic, tube at most twice as long as broad, 4 lobed
   4. Corolla tube broader than long; racemes (rarely spikes) terminal or lateral, or flowers seemingly borne singly in leaf axils; perennials or annuals, if perennial with a terminal raceme, then raceme of less than 40 flowers 17. Veronica
  3. Calyx 5 or 2 lobed; corolla bilabiate, tube more than 3 x as long as broad
   5. Flowers borne singly in axils of opposite cauline leaves; staminodes 3 11. Gratiola
 2. Fertile stamens 4 or 5 (Verbascum); plants autotrophic or hemiparasitic
  7. Corolla pouched (gibbous) or spurred abaxially at base
   8. Corolla gibbous at base (pouch rounded, not longer than broad); capsule with unequal loculi
    9. Calyx lobes subequal; corolla c. 3 cm; seeds reticulate rugose 4. Antirrhinum
    9. Calyx lobes very unequal; corolla 10-12 mm; seeds with incurved dentate margin 5. Misopates
   8. Corolla spurred at base (spur longer than broad, thoug sometimes very small); capsule with equal loculi
    10. Throat of corolla obstructed by a protuberant palate on lower lip; seeds various
     11. Median leaves sessile, ± parallel veined or 1 veined, always entire; flowers in bracteate racemes; seeds discoid or winged, or 3-4 sided and rugulose 7. Linaria
     11. Median leaves petiolate, palmately or pinnately veined, often lobed; flowers in axils of upper leaves; seeds not as above
      12. Lamina palmately veined, ± reniform, cordate and mostly 3-7 lobed, long petiolate; capsule opening by longitudinal fissures, or indehiscent 8. Cymbalaria
      12. Lamina pinnately veined, cordate, hastate or sagittate at base (and sometimes toothed), shortly petiolate; capsule opening by 2 large deciduous lids (opercula) 9. Kickxia
  7. Corolla not pouched or spurred at base
   13. Flowers in racemes (sometimes spike like) or panicles
    17. Fertile stamens 5, without a staminode 1. Verbascum
    17. Fertile stamens 4, with or without a staminode
     18. Corolla ± rotate, or with ± inflated tube; flowers in panicles of cymes or glomeruli, or in racemes; capsule septicidal (rarely indehiscent); plants with or without stellate hairs; staminode present or absent
      19. Corolla ± rotate, with short tube and broad spreading subactinomorphic limb; stamens long exserted, filaments often villous; leaves usually alternate throughout 1. Verbascum
      19. Corolla with ± inflated tube longer than bilabiate limb or subequal lobes; stamens included or shortly exserted, filaments not villous; leaves usually opposite, at least below 2. Scrophularia
     18. Corolla zygomorphic, bilabiate, tune not inflated (except in Digitalis); flowers in racemes (sometimes spike like and interrupted); capsule loculidal (rarely indehiscent); plants always without stellate hairs and staminodes
      20. Calyx divided nearly to base into 5 subequal lobes; leaves alternate
       21. Corolla much larger, tube usually inflated above, with oblique ± 2 lipped mouth; cauline leaves entire or toothed 14. Digitalis
      20. Calyx not as above; leaves opposite, alternate or whorled
       22. Calyx 5 fid or 5 sect to ⅓-½, or obscurely lobed, but never 4 fid
        23. Stems not junciform; leaves larger, never linear, serrate to 2 pinnatisect; upper corolla lip hooded (galeate)
         24. Leaves simple; calyx with upper lip emarginate, lower lip 2 lobed; corolla yellow, hood prominently rostrate 27. Rhynchocorys
       22. Calyx distinctly 4 fid, bilabiate or not
        25. Leaves entire to pinnatisect, but never trifid; pedicels ebracteolate; hemiparasitic annuals, often blackening on drying
         26. Corolla 3,5-13 mm
          27. Corolla white streaked with violet; anthers lobes unequally bimucronate 21. Euphrasia
          27. Corolla reddish or yellowish; anther lobes equally bimucronate
           28. Inflorescence secund; leaves entire or nearly so; seeds longitudinally striate, few 22. Odontites
           28. Inflorescence not secund; leaves clearly toothed; seeds smooth or reticulate, many 23. Parentucellia
         26. Corolla 15-27 mm
          29. Calyx not or scarcely compressed laterally, not accrescent; seeds not winged
           30. Plant eglandular; at least lower leaves entire; bracts pinnatifid with linear to filiform lobes; capsule 2 seeded 20. Melampyrum
           30. Plant glandular above; all leaves toothed; bracts entire to serrate; capsule many seeded
            31. Flowers in loose or elongated spike like racemes; stigma capitate; seeds smooth or reticulate 23. Parentucellia
            31. Flowers in dense oblong spike like racemes; stigma clavate; seeds longitudinally ridged 24. Bellardia

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