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Lamiaceae (Ballıbabagiller – Labiatae) anahtarı

Lamiaceae: (Labiatae), Ivan Ivanovič Martinov, 1820.
Papatyagiller.
Kocaeli’nde görülen Lamiaceae cinsleri:
1. Fertile stamens 2(-3), posterior (upper) pair much reduced
 2. Staminal connectives elongated, usually articulating with filaments 42. Salvia
 2. Staminal connectives very short, not articulating with filaments
  3. Leaves evergreen, ± linear; upper lip of calyx entire; corolla pale blue, 8-12 mm; shrub 3. Rosmarinus
  3. Leaves deciduous, linear oblong to ovate; upper lip of calyx ± 3 lobed or calyx with 5 equal teeth; corolla white to reddish lilac, 4-15 mm; herbs or shrubs
   4. Verticillasters in upper leaf axils, distant; leaves coarsely dentate to pinnatisect; non aromatic herb 40. Lycopus
   4. Verticillasters conferted into terminal spikes or heads; leaf margins ± entire or crenulate; aromatic herbs or shrubs
    5. Annual or perennial herbs with ± cuneate based leaves; inflorescence capitate or spicate 41. Ziziphora
1. Fertile stamens 4 (or all reduced and sterile in female (male sterile) flowers)
 6. Upper lip of corolla absent or very reduced; style not fully gynobasic
  7. Corolla ± 1 lipped with a 5 lobed lower lip; corolla tube glabrous within 2. Teucrium
  7. Corolla with a reduced 2 lobed (sometimes obsolescent) upper lip and a 3 lobed lower lip; corolla tube usually annulate 1. Ajuga
 6. Upper lip of corolla well developed; style gynobasic
  8. Indumentum of at least some dendroid, forked or stellate hairs on some part of the plant [examine leaf, stem, calyx and corolla upper lip]
   9. Verticillasters in pedunculate spikes; upper lip of calyx usually appendiculate; stamens declinate 4. Lavandula
   9. Verticillasters distant or approximating; upper lip of calyx without an appendage; stamens not declinate
    10. Stamens not exserted beyond upper lip of corolla; corolla not resupinate
     11. Corolla upper lip clearly falcate 9. Phlomis
     11. Corolla upper lip straight or concave
      12. Calyx tube glabrous or weakly pilose inside throat; teeth 5 19. Stachys
      12. Calyx tube with ± stiff long white hairs inside throat; teeth 5-10(-30)
       13. Stamens not included in tube of corolla; calyx tube narrowly to widely dilated above into a ± patent toothed limb 16. Ballota
  8. Indumentum of simple hairs only, or absent
   14. Fruiting calyx accrescent or not, never with membranous reticulate lobes
    17. Calyx distinctly 15 veined or ribbed; posterior (upper) stamens longer than anterior (lower); stamens not exserted beyon upper lip of corolla
     18. Calyx sinuses without a thickened fold at base, middle lobe of upper calyx lip not or scarcely broader than laterals
      20. Verticillasters 2-6 flowered, in upper leaf axils, secund; plant stoloniferous 22. Glechoma
      20. Verticillasters 6-many flowered, not in leaf axils, or inflorescence of clearly pedunculate cymes, secund or not; plant not stoloniferous 21. Nepeta
    17. Calyx 5-15(-22) veined or ribbed; posterior (upper) stamens shorter than anterior (lower); stamens included or exserted beyond upper lip of corolla
     21. Corolla tube long and slender, ± sigmoid, suberect, lips small; calyx upper and lower lips entire, upper with a small projecting flap 6. Scutellaria
     21. Corolla not as above; calyx without a flap on upper lip and with a divided lower and, usually, upper lip
      22. Upper lip of corolla clearly falcate
       23. Calyx clearly bilabiate
        24. Verticillasters conferted into dense terminal spikes; bracts hiding calyces; flowers violet or creamy white; upper lip of corolla pilose 27. Prunella
       23. Calyx not or indistinctly bilabiate
        25. Nutlets with tufts of hair at apex (visible at an early stage on lobes of ovary)
         26. Corolla 5-12 mm, pinkish white; leaves digitately divided or subentire 14. Leonurus
        25. Nutlets glabrous
         27. Thecae glabrous; corolla yellow; stonoloniferous herb 12. Galeobdolon [Lamium]
         27. Thecae clearly hairy; corolla white, cream, pink to purple; not stoloniferous
          28. Bracteoles not spiny; lower lip of corolla with very reduced lateral lobes; annuals or perennials 10. Lamium
      22. Upper lip of corolla straight to ± concave
       29. Stamens clearly exserted beyond upper lip of corolla
        30. Calyx clearly bilabiate with lower teeth markedly different in form from upper
         31. Annuals or short lived perennials; stamens declinate
          32. Calyx deflexed in fruit; upper lip of calyx broadly orbicular with decurrent margins; inflorescence of racemes 45. Ocimum
         31. Shrubs or woody based perennials; stamens not declinate
          33. Calyx tube not dorsally flattened, without flanges 36. Thymus
          33. Calyx tube dorsally compressed and with two ciliolate flanges
           34. Inflorescence spicate; calyx 13 veined; leaves conduplicate 38. Thymbra
           34. Inflorescence capitate; calyx 20-22 veined; leaves subtriquetrous 37. Coridothymus [Thymbra]
        30. Calyx not or indistinctly bilabiate with upper and lower lobes or teeth ± similar
         35. Inflorescence of spicules arranged in panicles or corymbs; bracts prominent, imbricate, usually hiding individual calyces 28. Origanum
         35. Inflorescence not as above; bracts ± inconspicuous
          36. Corolla with 4 subequal lobes; plants of ± damp places with creeping rhizomes rooting at nodes 39. Mentha
          36. Corolla with 5 unequal lobes; plants of dry places without rhizomes
           37. Leaves linear to linear lanceolate; corolla not resupinate; thecae divergent
            38. Calyx ovate campanulate, 3-4(-5) mm, without thickened folds, corolla white 30. Satureja
       29. Stamens not exserted beyond upper lip of corolla
        39. Calyx throat with a beard of ± stiff, thick white hairs
         40. Corolla with 4 subequal lobes; plants of ± damp places with rhizomes rooting at nodes (usually male sterile plants) 39. Mentha
         40. Corolla with 5 unequal lobes (2 upper, 3 lower); plants of dry places, procumbent or erect
          41. Calyx dorsally compressed and with two lateral ciliolate flanges
           42. Inflorescence spicate; calyx 13 veined; leaves conduplicate 38. Thymbra
           42. Inflorescence capitate; calyx 20-22 veined; leaves triquetrous 37. Coridothymus [Thymbra]
          41. Calyx not dorssally flattened, without flanges
           43. Inflorescence of spicules arranged in panicles or corymbs; bracts prominent, imbricate, usually hiding individual calyces 28. Origanum
           43. Inflorescence not as above; bracts ± inconspicuous, not hiding calyces or verticillasters
            44. All parts of plant with an indumentum of long, ± sturdy hairs; calyces 10-20(-30) ribbed
             45. Stamens not included in corolla tube; calyx tube narrowly to widely dilated above into a ± patent toothed limb 16. Ballota
            44. All parts of plant with ± short, crisp, antrorse or retrorse hairs; calyces 5-13(-15) veined
             46. Lower calyx teeth long subulate, prominently and regularly ciliate; leaves usually basally ciliate 36. Thymus
             46. Lower calyx teeth shortly lanceolate to ± subulate, ciliate or not, straight or curved; leaves usually without basal cilia
              47. Calyx tube strongly curved, or gibbous below
               48. Calyx tube strongly curved, teeth long ciliate; perennials 32. Clinopodium
               48. Calyx tube gibbous below, constricted above; annuals or perennials 33. Acinos [Clinopodium]
              47. Calyx tube ± straight, teeth ciliate or not
               49. Teeth of calyx lower lip clearly ciliate; leaves petiolate 31. Calamintha [Clinopodium]
               49. Teeth of calyx lower lip not or scarcely ciliate; leaves petiolate or subsessile
                50. Leaves subsessile, cuneate, conduplicate at least when young; calyx (10-)13 veined; stamens divergent 30. Satureja
                50. Leaves petiolate, flat or with a thickened mainly revolute margin; calyx 5-13(-15) veined; stamens parallel or convergent
                 51. Calyx 1,5-6 mm, 13(-15) veined; corolla tube included within calyx; inflorescence often cymose 34. Micromeria
                 51. Calyx more than 6 mm, 5-10 veined; corolla tube exserted from calyx; inflorescence of distant or approximating verticillasters, not cymose 19. Stachys
        39. Calyx throat glabrous or pilose with few usually weak hairs
         52. Bracteoles herbaceous, erect or spreading; upper lip of calyx not as above
          53. Calyx clearly bilabiate
           54. Herbs, suffruticose or not, usually with a prominent indumentum; verticillasters not in terminal leafy racemes; fruit dry
            55. Flowers borne in upper leaf axils
             56. Corolla c. 35 mm; pedicels 6-8 mm 7. Melittis
             56. Corolla c. 8-15 mm; pedicels c. 3 mm 20. Melissa
            55. Flowers borne in axils of bracts dissimilar to leaves
             57. Leaves subsessile, cuneate, conduplicate at least when young, glandular punctate; calyx 10-13 veined; inflorescence of approximating verticillasters, or cymose 30. Satureja
             57. Leaves usually petiolate, flat, not glandular punctate; calyx 5-10 veined; inflorescence of approximating or distant verticillasters 19. Stachys
          53. Calyx ± regular
           58. Bracts foliaceous, enveloping at least the calyces and sometimes the flowers; corolla usually yellow 18. Sideritis
           58. Bracts not leafy nor enveloping calyces; corolla pink, white, yellow or violet
            59. Calyx ovoid to tubular, 5-13 veined, without 5 prominent angular ridges; throat ± open in fruit
             60. Leaves thick and hard to ± herbaceous in texture, prominently glandular punctate
              61. Leaves subsessile, conduplicate at least when young; calyx 10-13 veined 30. Satureja
              61. Leaves petiolate, flat to thickened or revolute at margins; calyx 13(-15) veined 34. Micromeria
             60. Leaves herbaceous in texture, flat at margins, with sessile glands prominent or not
              62. Calyx tube dilated above, with 5-19 ± spreading teeth; upper lip of corolla ± densely hairy; perennials 16. Ballota
              62. Calyx tube not dilated above, with 5 erect or spreading teeth; upper lip of corolla ± glabrous to pilose; annuals or perennials
               63. Thecae pilose; nutlets truncate at apex, sharply trigonous 10. Lamium
               63. Thecae glabrous; nutlets rounded at apex, rounded trigonous 19. Stachys

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