Hüseyin Doğan
Bu site, Kocaeli'nde görülen bitkilerin tanıtılmasına yönelik hayata geçirilen amatör bir projedir. Kocaeli sınırları içinde fotoğrafladığınız bitkileri paylaşmak için lütfen sol taraftaki iletişim araçlarından birini kullanın.

Familya: Orchidaceae

Orchidaceae Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, 1789.
Salepgiller.
Orchidaceae: Perennial, autotrophic or occasionally heterotrophic herbs, living symbiotically with endotrophic mycorrhiza. Rhizome creeping or much reduced, with fibrous, fleshy or tuber-like roots. Leaves basal or cauline, rarely absent. Stem erect, slender or robust, with terminal inflorescence. Inflorescence a few or many-flowered spike. Flowers zygomorphic, very variable in size and colour, usually resupinate. Perianth of 2 whorls: an outer whorl of 3 similar segments (sepals) and an inner with two equal segments (petals) and one unequal (labellum). Labellum ± conspicuous, highly modified in shape and colour, frequently spurred, sometimes extremely specifically adapted to certain insects, ensuring cross-pollination. Column (gynostemium or gynandrium) formed by fusion of stigmas and stamens, consisting of a central fleshy organ with a single fertile, bilocular anther and two receptive, confluent or ± separate stigmas. Anther loculi joined by a tissue (connective) which is sometimes prolonged into a beak-like or subulate process; the 2 sterile anthers (in Türkiye) obsolete or rudimentary, converted into staminodes near base on each side of column; the odd sterile stigma modified into a rostellum, separating anther from stigma. Pollinia 2, sometimes bipartite, or 4, waxy or powdery-granulose, often attached by caudicles to 1 or 2 viscid glands (viscidia) which can be free or ± enclosed in a single pouch or separately in two (bursicula), originating from parts of rostellum. Ovary inferior, sessile or minutely stalked, twisted or straight, placentation parietal; mature fruit a capsule, sometimes considerably enlarged after flowering. Seeds innumerable, tiny, without endosperm.
Cins anahtarı

Anacamptis laxiflora

Anacamptis laxiflora

Anacamptis laxiflora, Loose flowered orchid, Salep sümbülü hakkında genel bilgiler, faydaları ve zararları.

Neotinea tridentata

Neotinea tridentata

Neotinea tridentata, Three toothed orchid, Katranalacası hakkında genel bilgiler, faydaları ve zararları.

Anacamptis morio

Anacamptis morio

Anacamptis morio, Green winged orchid, Gelincik salebi hakkında genel bilgiler, faydaları ve zararları.