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Fabaceae (Leguminosae – Baklagiller) anahtarı

Fabaceae (Baklagiller).
Kocaeli’nde görülen Fabaceae cinsleri:
1. Leaf lamina glandular punctate or glandular hairy Group A
1. Leaf lamina not glandular
 2. All leaves of the adult plant simple, unifoliate or phyllodic, or reduced to tendrils Group B
 2. At least some of the leaves in the adult plant compound
  3. Leaves trifoliate, terminal leaflet not enlarged; stipules not resembling the leaflets, free from or adnate to the petiole Group C
  3. Leaves digitate, pinnate, bipinnate, or if trifoliate then the terminal leaflet much enlarged or stipules resembling the leaflets and free from the petiole
   4. At least some of the leaves bipinnate Group D
   4. Leaves trifoliate, digitate or simply pinnate (leaflets 1 many paired)
    5. At least some of the leaves paripinnate, or subdigitate (i.e. rachis ending in a mucro) Group E
    5. All leaves imparipinnate, trifoliate or digitate (i.e. rachis ending in a terminal leaflet) Group F
Group A
1. Leaves glandular punctate
 2. Leaves trifoliate 36. Psoralea [Bituminaria]
 2. Leaves pinnate 34. Glycyrrhiza
1. Leaves glandular hairy
 3. Leaflets 5-16 cm; erect or climbing herbs
  4. Stipules truncate at the base; fruit not septate 37. Phaseolus
 3. Leaflets 0 2-3 cm; herbs or small shrubs
  5. Fruit spirally coiled 50. Medicago
  5. Fruit ± straight
   6. Stipules adnate to petiole
    7. Stamens monadelphous; legume terete or torulose, inflated 45. Ononis
    7. Stamens diadelphous; legume laterally compressed, semi lunar 48. Trigonella
Group B
1. Trees or large shrubs, cauliflorous; leaves orbicular 4. Cercis
1. Shrubs or herbs, not cauliflorous; leaves narrower or phyllodic
 2. Spinose or spinescent shrubs
  3. Flowers yellow; fruit not constricted between the seeds
   4. Leaves reduced to spinose phyllodes; fruit included in calyx 15. Ulex
   4. Leaves laminar; fruits exserted from calyx 16. Genista
 2. Unarmed shrubs or herbs
  5. Shrubs (sometimes woody only at the base)
   6. Flowers zygomorphic; stamens 10, at least 9 united into a tube
    7. Calyx irregularly split, spathiform, with five minute teeth 17. Spartium
  5. Annnual herbs
   8. Leaves phyllodic, linear, or reduced to tendrils flanked by large stipules 42. Lathyrus
   8. Leaves laminar, oblanceolate to elliptic 62. Scorpiurus
Group C
1. All leaves arising from the base of the plant; leaflets 15-40 mm. 32. Astragalus
1. Some leaves cauline (rarely plant acaulescent, then leaflets less than 12 mm)
 2. Herbs, lacking a distinctly woody base
  3. Calyx regular, or two lipped with the upper lip 2 lobed and the lower three lobed; stipules paired
   4. Stipules free from the petiole
    5. Inflorescence racemose, lax or congested, or flowers solitary; fruit not a lomentum 22. Argyrolobium
   4. Stipules adnate to the petiole
    6. Principal lateral veins of the leaflets anastomosing and not reaching the margin of the leaflets 54. Tetragonolobus [Lotus]
    6. Principal lateral veins of the leaflets terminating at the margin
     7. Petal claws adnate to the staminal tube, corolla usually persistent in fruit 46. Trifolium
     7. Petal claws free from the staminal tube; corolla deciduous
      8. Inflorescence a raceme, usually elongate; fruits globose or ovoid, sometimes concentrically ribbed 47. Melilotus
      8. Inflorescence an umbel or short contracted raceme, or flowers solitary, fruit various, never concentrically ribbed
       9. Fruit coiled with (0,7-)1-many spirals, often spinose or toothed 50. Medicago
       9. Fruit not coiled though sometimes falcate, never spinose (toothed only in Trigonella plicata)
        10. Fruit at least 3 x as long as broad, sometimes falcate
         11. Annual or rarely biennial 48. Trigonella
         11. Perennial 50. Medicago
        10. Fruit less than 3 x as long as broad, often globese
         12. Fruit beaked or winged, exserted from calyx 48. Trigonella
         12. Fruit neither beaked or winged, usually included in calyx tube or geocarpic on a long gynophore
          13. Corolla persistent in fruit; leaflets at most only slightly dentate; fruit rarely geocarpic, then sessile 46. Trifolium
 2. Shrubs or suffruticose herbs
  14. Odourless shrubs or suffruticose herbs; stamens mona- or diadelphous
   15. Spinose shrubs
    16. Calyx with five short teeth, the upper part breaking away to leave a cup like remnant 19. Calicotome
    16. Calyx not breaking up
     17. Upper lip of calyx deeply bifid 16. Genista
     17. Upper lip of calyx not deepliy bifid 56. Anthyllis
   15. Unarmed shrubs or suffruticose herbs
    18. Suffruticose; flowers purple or yellow
     19. Flowers yellow; stipules free from one another 22. Argyrolobium
    18. Shrubs; flowers yellow or white
     20. Legume and calyx not glandular tuberculate
      21. Legume not winged; upper and lower lip of calyx appearing equal
       22. Calyx 12 mm or more, distinctly tubular, with the lips shorter than the tube; standart tapering to an elongate claw for c. ⅓ its length or more 11. Chamaecytisus [Cytisus]
       22. Calyx 10 mm or less, tubular or campanulate, with the lips equal or longer than tube, standart ± abruptly terminating into a claw of c. ¼ its length or less
        23. Inflorescence various, but if a terminal raceme then flowers bracteate; anthers not ciliate
         24. Upper lip of calyx with 2 short teeth, c. ¼ or less than the length of the lip 10. Cytisus
         24. Upper lip of the calyx ± completely divided into 2 distinct teeth
          25. Leaves sessile; seeds estrophiolate 16. Genista
          25. Leaves distinctly petiolate; seeds with a strophiole
           26. Flowers in axillary heads or clusters; standart c. 11 mm 14. Teline [Cytisus]
Group D
1. At least some leaves simply pinnate; leaftlets of bipinnate leaves 3-8 mm wide 2. Gleditsia
1. All leaves bipinnate; leaflets 2-4 mm wide
 2. Upright shrub or tree; fruit compressed
  3. Stamens long exserted, 2 cm long or more
   4. Corolla 20-25 mm; legume blackish glandular 1. Caesalpinia
   4. Corolla 6-8 mm; legume eglandular 7. Albizia
Group E
1. Spinose shrubs; leaf rachis ending a spine
 2. Stipules herbaceous or membranous; leaflets 2-35 paired 32. Astragalus
1. Unarmed herbs; leaf rachis endign in a mucro or tendril
 4. Calyx regular or bilabiate; upper lip with 2 teeth, lower with one teeth; lower with 3 teeth; fruits aerial (rarely amphicarpic in Vicia)
  5. Stipules leafy, obliquely ovate, rounded semi amplexicaul and dentate at base, somewhat larger than the leaflets; annuals with terete stems and tendrillar leaves 43. Pisum
  5. Stipules not as above, usually smaller than the leaflets; annuals or perennials, stems angled or winged, leaves with or without tendrils
   6. Style usually pubescent all round, or bearded on the lower side, never twisted (rarely only with a line of hairs along the upper side, then flowers yellow and legume membranous with prominent veins: V. koeiana); stem not winged 40. Vicia
   6. Style pubescent only on the upper side, straight or twisted; stem winged in some Lathyrus species
    7. Annuals or perennials without subterranean caudiculi; leaflets 1-many paired; style with the margins not reflexed
     8. Legumes usually more than 2 seeded, more than 15 mm long; seeds usually ± globose; annuals or perennials; leaves pinnate or subdigitate, usually with fewer (often ± parallel veined) leaflets than in Vicia 42. Lathyrus
     8. Legumes 1-2 seeded, usually less than 15 mm long (larger in L. kotschyana, then villous sericeous); seeds flattaned; annuals; leaves pinnate 41. Lens
Group F
1. Leaves digitate
 2. Inflorescence racemose 23. Lupinus
 2. Inflorescence umbellate
  3. Inflorescence 3-8 flowered; flowers purple; herbs 46. Trifolium
1. Leaves trifoliate or imparipinnate
 4. Leaves with the terminal leaflet conspicuously larger than the lateral ones
  5. Calyx teeth shortly triangular; fruit not winged
   6. Calyx 1 cm or more, often inflated; fruit included in calyx 56. Anthyllis
   6. Calyx 1-2 mm, never inflated; fruit exserted from calyx 58. Coronilla
  5. Calyx teeth linear; fruit circinnate, winged 55. Hymenocarpos
 4. Terminal leaflets approximately the same size as the remainder or smaller
  7. Leaflets bifurcate hairy 32. Astragalus
  7. Leaflets simple hairy
   8. Shrubs or trees
    9. Leaflets dark green above, pale green below; petals absent 3. Ceratonia
    9. Leaflets concolorous; flowers with at least one petal
     10. Large spines usually present; flowers 4-5 merous, regular 2. Gleditsia
     10. Spines absent; flowers zygomorphic
      11. Inflorescence paniculate 8. Sophora
      11. Inflorescence racemose
       12. Keel and wings absent; fruit terete, 9-11 mm 35. Amorpha
       12. Corolla with standart, wings and keel; fruit flattened or inflated, at least 15 mm
        13. Flowers white or yellow
         14. Flowers white; fruit a compressed legume 24. Robinia
         14. Flowers yellow; fruit inflated or a lomentum
          15. Petal claws 2 x as long as calyx; fruit a lomentum 58. Coronilla
          15. Petal claws slightly exceeding or shorter than calyx; fruit an inflated, bladdery legume 26. Colutea
   8. Herbs, though sometimes woody at the base
    16. Flowers solitary or in umbels
     17. Stipules large, resembling the leaflets, or the lowest pair of leaflets attached at the base of the rachis and simulating stipules
      18. Keel beaked; flowers often yellow 53. Lotus
      18. Keel obtuse; flowers never yellow 52. Dorycnium
     17. Stipules small, unlike the leaflets; lowest pair of leaflets not simulating stipules
      19. Keel obtuse 59. Ornithopus
      19. Keel acute or beaked
       20. Umbel pedunculate, not subtented by a leaf
        21. Fruit lomentoid
         22. Fruit with horseshoe shaped joints 60. Hippocrepis
         22. Fruit ± terete 58. Coronilla
        21. Fruit neither divided into segments nor constricted between the seeds, but thickened along the sutures 57. Securigera
    16. Flowers in racemes (elongate or condensed)
     23. Stamens free; standart ligulate, strongly recurved 8. Sophora
     23. Stamens mona- or diadelphous, standart not as above
      24. Stipules dentate 40. Vicia
      24. Stipules margin entire (though stipules sometimes lobed)
       25. Keel obtuse or truncate
        26. Fruits 1-3 seeded, indehiscent, if toothed then suborbicular; ovary 1-3 ovuled
         27. Ovary 1-2 ovuled; fruit 1(-2) seeded, spinose or unarmed, glabrous or hairy
          28. Fruit exserted from calyx; calyx lobes not plumose 60. Onobrychis
        26. Fruit 3-many seeded, either an entire lomentum or legume, or toothed, oblong and indehiscent; ovary with three or more ovules
         29. Stipules semi sagittate 25. Galega
         29. Stipules not semi sagittate
          30. Fruit a lomentum; keel usually obliquely truncate at apex 63. Hedysarum
          30. Fruit a legume or indehiscent; keel obtuse but not truncate
           31. Stipules broader at base than apex, entire; legume usually at least partly divided by a longitudinal septum
            32. Fruit a dehiscent, untoothed legume; annual or perennial 32. Astragalus