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Elymus elongatus subsp. turcicus

Puslu putaotu

Bakımı

Elymus elongatus subsp. turcicus çok yıllık bir ottur. nemli toprağı, güneşli ya da yarı gölgeli bölgeleri tercih eder. Donlara dayanıklıdır.

Yetiştirme

Elymus elongatus subsp. turcicus açık ormançalılık ve çayırlarda görülür. Kumlukilli ve tınlı topraklara uyumludur.

Yaygın adları

Turkish heatgrass; Puslu putaotu.

Etimoloji

Cins adı Yunanca darı; tür adı Latince uzunlamasına; alttür adı ise Latince Türk anlamına gelir.

Taksonomi

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms | Monocots | Commelinids
Ordo: Poales
Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Pooideae
Tribus: Hordeeae
Subtribus: Hordeinae
Genus: Elymus
Raunkiaer: Hemicryptophyte

Literatür

Notes from the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh 42(1): 81. 1984. (P.E.McGuireMelderis.

Yapısı

Elymus elongatus subsp. turcicus 35 ila 75 cm. büyüyebilir. Stem sağlam ve genellikle tüysüzdür. Yapraklar 2,5 ila 5 mm. genişliğindedir. Başak 10 ila 25 cm. uzunluğunda, dik ve gevşektir. HaziranTemmuz ve Ağustos aylarında çiçek açar.

Faydaları ve zararları

Bitkileri kullanmadan önce mutlaka bir uzmandan yardım alın.

Flora of Turkey

Caespitose perennial. Stems 35-75 cm, robust, usually glabrous. Leaves 2.5-5 mm broad when expanded, very rigid, usually convolute, prominently and closely ribbed, sparsely spinulose and with scattered short bristles on upper surface, glabrous beneath, lower sometimes densely and minutely pubescent on both surfaces. Spikes usually 10-25 cm, erect, lax. Spikelets strongly compressed laterally. Glumes usually 7-9 mm, subequal, indurate-coriaceous, oblong, broadly obtuse or truncate at apex, sometimes emarginate. Lemma 9-11 mm, glabrous, obtuse or apiculate.
1. Plants greyish-white, especially below, pruinose; leaves on both surfaces and lower sheaths densely and minutely pubescent; glumes scabrid on veins subsp. salsus Endemic. Ir.-Tur. element.
1. Plants green or glaucous-green; leaves and sheaths not minutely pubescent; glumes glabrous, only midvein slightly scabrid towards apex
2. Leaf sheaths not cillate; rachis usually glabrous on main angles, lower internodes usually as long as spikelets; spikelets usually 15 mm, with 5-7 florets; glumes 5-7-veined; palea with cilla less than 0.1 mm on keels in upper half subsp. elongatus 2n = 14. Fl. 4-7. Maritime sands, marshy slopes, to 100 m.
2. Lower leaf sheaths shortly cillate; rachis sparsely spinulose-cillate, lower internodes longer than spikelets; spikelets larger; palea with cilla longer than 0.1 mm
3. Spikelets 17-20 mm, usually with 7-9 florets; glumes 7-9-veined, sometimes glabrous on inner surface at apex; palea with cilla less th an 0.3 mm in upper 2/3 of keels; anthers 2.5-3.5 mm subsp. turcicus 2n = 56. Fl. 6-8. Dry calcareous, saline places, Genista sessilifolia steppe, margins of Pinus woods, nr s.l.-1800 m.
3. Spikelets 17-25 mm, usually with 7-12 florets; glumes 5-7-veined, minutely strigillose on inner surface at apex; palea with cilla C. 0.3 mm along who le length of keels; anthers 4.5-5.5 mm subsp. ponticus 2n = 70. Fl. 5-8. Dry or saline places, nr s.l.-1800 m. IX:220.

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