Carex pilosa

Saçlısaparna

Bakımı

Carex pilosa çok yıllık bir ottur. Nemli ya da ıslak toprağı, güneşli ya da yarı gölgeli bölgeleri tercih eder. Donlara dayanıklıdır.

Yetiştirme

Carex pilosa dere kıyısınemli bölge ve sulak alanlarda görülür. Kumlukilli ve tınlı topraklara uyumludur.

Yaygın adları

Hairy sedge; Saçlısaparna.

Etimoloji

Cins adı Latince saz; tür adı ise Latince tüylü anlamına gelir.

Taksonomi

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms | Monocots | Commelinids
Ordo: Poales
Familia: Cyperaceae
Subfamilia: Cyperoideae
Tribus: Cariceae
Genus: Carex
Raunkiaer: Hemicryptophyte
Phytochorion: Euro-Siberian

Literatür

Flora Carniolica, Editio Secunda 2: 226. 1772.

Yapısı

Carex pilosa 60 cm. büyüyebilir. Yapraklar culmdan daha kısadır. NisanMayıs ve Haziran aylarında çiçek açar.

Faydaları ve zararları

Bitkileri kullanmadan önce mutlaka bir uzmandan yardım alın.

Flora of Turkey

Subgen. Carex: Monoecious; spikes 2 or more, usually unisexual and ± dissimilar, terminal or upper male and lower lateral female, or sometimes terminal gynecandrous and similar to lateral female; inflorescence usually simple; cladoprophyll usually present; stigmas 2 or 3; nut trigonous to terete or biconvex to plano-convex.
Sect. Ventricosae: Caespitose or not. Stems trigonous. Male spike 1, terminal, pedunculate; female spikes 1 to few, lax to dense, ± erect, distant; lowest bract leaf-like. Utricles not flattened, membranous or subcoriaceous, not inflated, distinctly to obscurely veined, glabrous to pubescent, abruptly contracted into a long or short, truncate to bifid beak. Stigmas 3.
Shoots solitary or in lax tufts from long, slender creeping rhizomes. Stems 25-50 cm, flattened-trigonous, slender, smooth; basal sheaths reddish-brown, entire, aphyllous. Leaves 5-10 mm broad, equalling or slightly longer than stems, thin, dark green above, paler beneath, shortly attenuate, distinctly 3- veined, ± flat, hairy along margins and beneath at least when young. Male spike 15-25 mm, oblong-clavate; glumes dark chestnut. Female spikes 2-3(-4), narrowly cylindrical, 20-40 mm, lax at leastat base, 7-20-flowered, axis often zigzag, lower pedunculate to 8 cm, erect to subpendulous; lowest bract shorter than its spike, sheath to 3 cm. Female glumes ovate, pale brown to ferrugineous, with greenish mid-line, 3-veined, shortly acuminate. Utricles pale green, later yellowish, obliquely obovoid, 3.5-5 mm, somewhat flattened-trigonous, glabrous, rather distinctly many-veined, membranous, ± stipitate, dull; beak to c. 1 mm, smooth, dark, shortly bifid, often curving slightly outwards. Typically grows in moist places in deciduous forests. IX:125.

Yorum yazın