Carex elata

Elasaparna

Fotoğrafları

Bakımı

Carex elata çok yıllık bir ottur. Nemli ya da ıslak toprağı, güneşli ya da yarı gölgeli bölgeleri tercih eder. Donlara dayanıklıdır.

Yetiştirme

Carex elata dere kıyısınemli bölge ve sulak alanlarda görülür. Kumlukilli ve tınlı topraklara uyumludur.

Yaygın adları

Tufted sedge; Elasaparna.

Etimoloji

Cins adı Latince saz; tür adı ise Latince ileri taşınmış anlamına gelir.

Koruma

THE IUCN Red List’e göre Asgari endişe altında tür sınıfı içindedir.

Taksonomi

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms | Monocots | Commelinids
Ordo: Poales
Familia: Cyperaceae
Subfamilia: Cyperoideae
Tribus: Cariceae
Genus: Carex
Raunkiaer: Hemicryptophyte | Hydrophyte
Phytochorion: Euro-Siberian

Literatür

Flora Pedemontana 2: 272. 1785. All.

Yapısı

Carex elata 100 cm. büyüyebilir. NisanMayıs ve Haziran aylarında çiçek açar.

Faydaları ve zararları

Bitkileri kullanmadan önce mutlaka bir uzmandan yardım alın.

Flora of Turkey

Subgen. Carex: Monoecious; spikes 2 or more, usually unisexual and ± dissimilar, terminal or upper male and lower lateral female, or sometimes terminal gynecandrous and similar to lateral female; inflorescence usually simple; cladoprophyll usually present; stigmas 2 or 3; nut trigonous to terete or biconvex to plano-convex.
Sect. Phacocystis: Caespitose or not, with or without creeping rhizomes. Male spikes 1 to several, 1 in terminal position (or terminal spike gynecandrous); female spikes few to several, ± cylindrical, usually dense, long-pedunculate to sessile, erect to pendent; lowest bract leaf-like, sheathless. Utric1es plano- to biconvex, membranous, inflated, glabrous; beak very short, truncate to emarginate. Stigmas 2. Nut lenticular.
Densely caespitose, forming tussocks; creeping rhizomes absent. Stems (40-)60-120 cm, sharply trigonous, Usually scabrid above, stiffly ereet; basal sheaths straw-coloured to pale brown, sharply keeled, aphyllous, to 12 cm, Shining, distinctly reticulate-fibrillose at margins. Leaves 2-5(-6) mm broad, greyish-green, Usually shorter than stems, flat to plicate, pruinose-tipped when young, scabrid on margins and main veins, papillose beneath, margins revolute when dry. Male spikes 1-2(-3), terminal to c. 5 cm, remainder smaller. Female spikes 2-4, cylindrical, 15-50(-65) mm, dense, often overlapping, subsessile, erect, often with sorne male flowers at top; lowest bract c. as long as its spike (sometimes longer but never exceeding inflorescence), ± erect. Female glumes c. as long as utricles or slightly shorter, lanceolate-elliptic, blackish-brown, ± acute to obtuse. Utricles usually in distinct rows, pale to dark greyish-green, often reddish or brownish above, narrowly elliptic to obovate-orbicular, 2.8- 4.3 mm, obscurely to rather distinctly veined, papillose at least at top, ripening and falling early; beak short (to 0.6 mm), truncate, dark brown or very pale green.
1. Stems to 120 cm, coarse; leaves to 4(-6) mm broad, prominently papillose beneath; female glumes often obtuse; utricles narrowly to broadly elliptic, greyish-green, with rather distinct but slender veins, flattened, greyish-green, distinctly papillose; beak pale, rather distinct subsp. elata Wet places, shores of lakes, nr s.l.-1110 m. Euro-Sib. element.
1. Stems to 80 cm, more slender; leaves to 3.5 mm broad, indistinctly papillose beneath; female glumes often acute; utricles obovate-orbicular to broadly elliptic, pale greyish-green, often purplish-brown above, veins obscure, biconvex, almost smooth; beak dark, indistinct subsp. omskiana Wet places, riversides, often in partial shade and on rather poor soil, 600-1500 m. Euro-Sib. element. IX:154.

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