Grassland sedge, European meadow sedge; Ayakotu.
Cins adı Latince saz; tür adı ise Latince yabancılaşmış anlamına gelir.
Cladus: Angiosperms | Monocots | Commelinids
A Botanical Arrangement of British Plants (ed. 2) 2: 1035. 1787. Stokes.
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Flora of Turkey
Subgen. Vignea: Monoecious or rarely dioecious; dioecious species with 1 terminal spike; monoecious species with usually several, often bisexual, ± similar, sessile spikes forming a simple or branched inflorescence; cladoprophyll absent. Stigmas 2. Nut flattened.
Sect. Phaestoglochin: Like Sect. Vulpinae, but stems ± bluntly trigonous; inflorescence simple or sometimes branched at base, spikes fewer; utric1es membranous or spongy at base, indistinctly veined at base or veinless, erect to patent; beak unwinged.
Similar to C. spicata but laxly caespitose; roots dark brown to blackish; stems to 1 m; basal sheaths becoming dark brown or blackish and strongly fibrous; leaves 2-5.3 mm broad, slightly shorter than stems; ligule obtuse to almost acute, c. as broad as long or somewhat broader; inflorescence 3-15(-18) cm; upper spikes almost confluent, 1-3 lower ones usually distant and more than their own length apart, often branched at base; female glumes c. as long as utricles; utricles pale yellowish-brown to dark brown, narrowly ovate to ovate elliptic or almost orbicular, 3.3-5 .8 mm, rather distinctly veined or veinless, base rounded to almost cuneate, not spongy or thickened, apex narrowed into a usually scabrid-margined beak.
1. Utricles broadly ovoid to almost orbicular, rounded at base, distinctly f1anged at margins, usually rather pale yellowish-brown, usually distinctly veined at least on back; apex abruptly contracted into short beak subsp. coriogyne Open forests, meadows, dry places, sometimes in shade, s.l.-1450 m. Endemic. E. Medit. element.
1. Utricles narrowly ovate to ovate-elliptic, usually not f1anged at margins, rounded or cuneate at base, faintly veined or veinless; apex rather gradually narrowed into beak
2. Stems rather weak; leaves 2-3 mm broad, c. as long as stems, ± flaccid; ligule c. as long as broad, obtuse to almost acute; inflorescence to 15(-18) cm, lower 1-3 spikes often more th an their own length apart and usually distinctly branched at base; lower bracts setaceous, often longer than their spikes; utricles pale yellowish-brown, 3.3-4.5 mm, ± erecto-patent subsp. divulsa Forests, ravines in shady or more open places, sometimes in scrub, meadows, exposed cliffs and roadsides, s.l.-2400 m. Euro-Sib. element.
2. Stems rather stout; leaves 3.2-5.3 mm broad, usually shorter than stems, ± erect; ligule usually broader than long; inflorescence 3-8(-10) cm, lowest 1-2 spikes usually no more than their own length apart, sometimes ± approxirnate, sometimes unbranched at base; bracts usually short and glumaceous; utricles dark brown when ripe, 4.3-5.8 mm, patent subsp. leersii Forests, ravines, mountains, meadows, scree, 600-2300 m. Euro-Sib. element. IX:97.