Carex divulsa

Ayakotu

Fotoğrafları

Bakımı

Carex divulsa çok yıllık bir ottur. nemli toprağı, güneşli ya da yarı gölgeli bölgeleri tercih eder. Donlara dayanıklıdır.

Yetiştirme

Carex divulsa açık ormançalılık ve çayırlarda görülür. Kumlukilli ve tınlı topraklara uyumludur.

Yaygın adları

Grassland sedge, European meadow sedge; Ayakotu.

Etimoloji

Cins adı Latince saz; tür adı ise Latince yabancılaşmış anlamına gelir.

Taksonomi

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms | Monocots | Commelinids
Ordo: Poales
Familia: Cyperaceae
Subfamilia: Cyperoideae
Tribus: Cariceae
Genus: Carex
Raunkiaer: Geophyte
Phytochorion: Euro-Siberian

Literatür

A Botanical Arrangement of British Plants (ed. 2) 2: 1035. 1787. Stokes.

Yapısı

Carex divulsa kökü kahverengi ila siyahımsıdır. Stem 1 metre büyüyebilir. Haziran ve Temmuz aylarında çiçek açar.

Faydaları ve zararları

Bitkileri kullanmadan önce mutlaka bir uzmandan yardım alın.

Flora of Turkey

Subgen. Vignea: Monoecious or rarely dioecious; dioecious species with 1 terminal spike; monoecious species with usually several, often bisexual, ± similar, sessile spikes forming a simple or branched inflorescence; cladoprophyll absent. Stigmas 2. Nut flattened.
Sect. Phaestoglochin: Like Sect. Vulpinae, but stems ± bluntly trigonous; inflorescence simple or sometimes branched at base, spikes fewer; utric1es membranous or spongy at base, indistinctly veined at base or veinless, erect to patent; beak unwinged.
Similar to C. spicata but laxly caespitose; roots dark brown to blackish; stems to 1 m; basal sheaths becoming dark brown or blackish and strongly fibrous; leaves 2-5.3 mm broad, slightly shorter than stems; ligule obtuse to almost acute, c. as broad as long or somewhat broader; inflorescence 3-15(-18) cm; upper spikes almost confluent, 1-3 lower ones usually distant and more than their own length apart, often branched at base; female glumes c. as long as utricles; utricles pale yellowish-brown to dark brown, narrowly ovate to ovate elliptic or almost orbicular, 3.3-5 .8 mm, rather distinctly veined or veinless, base rounded to almost cuneate, not spongy or thickened, apex narrowed into a usually scabrid-margined beak.
1. Utricles broadly ovoid to almost orbicular, rounded at base, distinctly f1anged at margins, usually rather pale yellowish-brown, usually distinctly veined at least on back; apex abruptly contracted into short beak subsp. coriogyne Open forests, meadows, dry places, sometimes in shade, s.l.-1450 m. Endemic. E. Medit. element.
1. Utricles narrowly ovate to ovate-elliptic, usually not f1anged at margins, rounded or cuneate at base, faintly veined or veinless; apex rather gradually narrowed into beak
 2. Stems rather weak; leaves 2-3 mm broad, c. as long as stems, ± flaccid; ligule c. as long as broad, obtuse to almost acute; inflorescence to 15(-18) cm, lower 1-3 spikes often more th an their own length apart and usually distinctly branched at base; lower bracts setaceous, often longer than their spikes; utricles pale yellowish-brown, 3.3-4.5 mm, ± erecto-patent subsp. divulsa Forests, ravines in shady or more open places, sometimes in scrub, meadows, exposed cliffs and roadsides, s.l.-2400 m. Euro-Sib. element.
 2. Stems rather stout; leaves 3.2-5.3 mm broad, usually shorter than stems, ± erect; ligule usually broader than long; inflorescence 3-8(-10) cm, lowest 1-2 spikes usually no more than their own length apart, sometimes ± approxirnate, sometimes unbranched at base; bracts usually short and glumaceous; utricles dark brown when ripe, 4.3-5.8 mm, patent subsp. leersii Forests, ravines, mountains, meadows, scree, 600-2300 m. Euro-Sib. element. IX:97.

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